Order Making Lexington a Town, 1713

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Friday, March 20, 1712

Present in Council:
His Excellency Joseph Dudley, Esquire, Governor.
The Honorable William Tailer, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor.

And of the Council:

Samuell Sewall                       Penn Townsend                         Isaac Winston
Jonathan Corwin                     Andrew Belcher                         Nathaniell Payne
Peter Sergeant Esquire            Edward Bromfield Esquire          John Cushing
Joseph Lynde                          Isaac Addington                        Daniel Epes Esquire
Elisha Hutchinson                                                                   John Otis

The following order [was] passed in Council and concurred [in] by the Representatives. Viz,

In margin: Lexington

Whereas, upwards of twenty years since, the inhabitants or farmers dwelling on a certain tract of outlands within the township of Cambridge within the County of Middlesex, being remote from the body of the town towards Concord, obtained leave from the General Court, with [the] approbation of the town, to be a hamlet or separate precinct, and were set off by a line, Viz.
Beginning at the first run of water or swampy place, over which is a kind of bridge in the way or road on the southerly side of Francis Whitmore’s House, towards the Town of Cambridge aforesaid, across the neck of land lying between Woburn line and that of Watertown side upon a southwest and northeast course;
[the people thus set off] being commonly called the Northern Precinct, and being now increased [in number], have obtained [the] consent of the town and made application to this Court to be made a separate and distinct town, upon such terms as they and the town of Cambridge have agreed upon;

In margin: A new town raised named Lexington

that is to say that the said Northern Precinct, when made a Township, shall bear such a part of the two thirds of the charge of the Great Bridge over Charles River in Cambridge, as shall be according to their proportion with the town of Cambridge annually in the province tax, and they shall annually pay to the treasurer of the town of Cambridge their part of the charges as aforesaid;

and such other Articles as the said Town and the Precinct have already agreed on by their Committees; [it is]

Ordered that the aforesaid tract of land known by the name of the Northern Precinct in Cambridge be henceforth made a separate and distinct town by the name of Lexington, upon the articles and terms already agreed on with the town of Cambridge, and that the inhabitants of the said town of Lexington be entitled to have, use, excercise & enjoy all such immunities, powers, and privileges as other towns within this province have and do by law use, exercise and enjoy;
and the constable of the said precinct is hereby directed and empowered to notify and summon the inhabitants duly qualified [to be] voters to assemble and meet together for the choosing of town officers.

Consented to, J Dudley.